Jewish Lithuania


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Jewish heritage tours in Lithuania focus on two main city centers where Jewish communities thrived for hundreds of years: Vilnius and Kaunas

Points of Jewish interest in Vilnius include:  the Medieval Jewish quarter, Jewish Street, Gaon Street and the Great Vilna Synagogue, where the venerated Gaon of Vilna established himself as the leading Talmudic authority of the Eighteenth Century and transformed Vilnius into the spiritual hub of world Jewry; the Jewish State Museum and the Jewish Cultural Center; the famous “Widow and Brothers Romm” Jewish printing house; Ponar (Paneriai), the site of the mass extermination of Vilnius’s Jewry at the hands of the Nazis, and the Jewish cemetery in Vilnius.

A tour of Kaunas would include visits to the old Kaunas Jewish ghetto, the Kaunas Choral Synagogue and the Ninth Fort Museum, on the site where thousands of Jewish nationals were exterminated by the Nazis in the Kaunas massacre.

Graves of Zadikim in Lithuania

Rav Avraham Danzig                                                              4 Tishrei

Rav Aharon Ozer Grodzinski                                                   5 Av

Rav Baruch Dov Leibowitz                                                      5 Kislev

Rav Simcha Zisel Ziv                                                               9 Av

Rav Ephraim Katz of Vilna                                                      13 Sivan

Rav Pinchas Rozovski                                                              17 Tevet

Rav Eliahu, Gaon of Vilna                                                       19 Tishrei

Rav Yitzhak Elhanan Spector                                                  21 Adar

Rav Shimon Shlezgel                                                               22 Nisan

Lithuania-General information

Lithuania is one of the Baltic States in Northern Europe bordered by the Baltic Sea, Latvia, Belarus, Poland and the Russian province Kaliningrad Oblast. The country has a humid continental climate. Lithuania is a Republic governed by a Prime Minister and 14 cabinet ministers. It has an estimated population of 3 million people. Its spoken languages are Lithuanian and Latvian. Lithuania is a member of the EU with an independent capitalist economy and GDP per capita 70% above the world’s average of US $10,500; its currency is the Lithuanian Litas (LTL), with 1 LTL = .035 USD. on the international currency exchange.  Its primary religion is Roman Catholic. Electric voltage in Lithuania is 220-240 Volts.
Jewish Latvia

Use picture for Lithuania in flshing pics because it is in latvia

Jewish Heritage tours in Latvia focus on the city of Riga, the country’s capital with an 8,000-strong Jewish community, the largest in the Baltic States.

Points of Jewish interest in Riga include: The Riga Jewish ghetto, where around 24,000 Jews were exterminated by the Nazis in 1941; the Riga Ghetto Museum which presents the names of thousands Latvian Jews who perished in the Holocaust; the site of the Great Choral Synagogue, which was burned down by the Nazis with 300 Jews locked in its basement; the site of the Zeilen Shul, which was also burned by the Nazis with hundreds of Jews inside;  the Riga Synagogue, also called the Peitav Shul, an architectural monument and the only synagogue spared by the Nazis because of its proximity to other buildings in the Old Town;the Riga Jewish Community Center, which houses the Jews in Latvia Museum and Documentation Center; the Library of the Riga Jewish Community, which contains thousands of volumes on Judaism, Jewish history and the history of Latvian Jewry in Yiddish, Russian and Latvian; the Art Nouveau buildings created by the Russian-Jewish architect Mikhail Eisenstein;.and the Zanis Lipke Memorial Museum, which honors a local Latvian architect who saved many Jews during the Holocaust.

Other Jewish points of interest in Latvia include: the Bikernieki Forest Memorial, the site of the largest slaughter in Latvia during the Holocaust where up to 35,000 of Jews were murdered; the Rumbula Forest Memorial where up to 25,500 Latvian Jews from the Riga Ghetto were killed; Monuments for Victims of the Holocaust in the Latvian towns of Daugavpils, Jelgava, Kraslava, Liepaja, Ludza, Rezekne, Preili and Talsi; and numerous synagogues, mikvas, kosher restaurants, Jewish schools, Jewish cemeteries and Jewish community centers in locales all over Latvia.

In Latvia one can visit the grave sites of Reb Meir Simcha and the Rogechover.

General Information about Latvia

Latvia is one of the Baltic States in Northern Europe bordered by Lithuania, Estonia, Russia, Belarus and the Baltic Sea. The country has a maritime, humid continental climate. Latvia is an independent democratic country governed by a Parliament with a President and Prime Minister and other Cabinet ministers, and it is a member of the European Union. It has a population of just over two million. Latvian is the official state language; Russian is also spoken. Latvia has a GDP per capita of US $15,375; in January 2014 it began using the Euro (EUR) as its currency, with 1 EUR = 1.13 USD. Its main religion is Lutheranism; Roman Catholicism is widespread in eastern Latvia. Electric voltage in Latvia is 230 Volts.


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